Achilles Tendonitis 2017-03-21T01:29:13+00:00

Shock Wave Therapy for Achilles Tendonitis @ Mississauga Footcare

Achilles Tendonitis

The Achilles tendon is the largest tendon in the human body and can withstand forces of 1,000 pounds or more. It also is the most frequently ruptured tendon, usually as a result of a sports injury.

Achilles tendonitis is a common overuse injury and inflammation of the tendon, commonly experienced by both professional and weekend athletes .

Achilles tendonitis may be caused by:

  • Hill running, stair climbing and jumping.
  • General overuse, stemming from the natural lack of flexibility in the calf muscles.
  • Rapid  increase in  mileage or speed when walking, jogging, or running.
  • Starting up too quickly after a layoff in exercise or sports activity, without adequately stretching and warming up the foot.
  • Trauma caused by sudden and/or hard contraction of the calf muscles when putting out extra effort, such as in a sprint or jump.
  • Improper and poor fitting footwear and/or a tendency toward overpronation.

Achilles tendonitis often begins with mild pain/discomfort after exercise or running that gradually becomes painful on heel lift.

Symptoms may also include:

  • Recurring localized pain, sometimes severe, along the tendon during or a few hours after running.
  • Morning tenderness just above the point where the Achilles tendon is attached to the heel bone.
  • Weakness/sluggishness in your leg.
  • Mild or severe swelling.
  • Tightness/stiffness that generally diminishes as the tendon warms up with use.

Treatment normally includes:

  • Laser therapy to improve circulation and healing to the inflamed tendon.
  •  A bandage/taping specifically designed to restrict motion of the tendon.
  • Foot Orthotics, which are anatomically corrective shoe inserts designed to help support the muscle and heel bone in order relieve stress on the tendon. Both non-prescription orthoses (such as a heel pads or over-the-counter shoe inserts) and prescribed custom orthotics may be recommended depending on the length and severity of the problem.
  • Rest and switching to exercises that do not stress the tendon (such as swimming).
  • Stretching and exercises to strengthen the weak muscle group in front of the leg, calf and foot flexors, as well as massage and ultrasound.
  • Taking non-steroidal anti-inflammatory medication for a period of time.
  • Note:   Please consult your chiropodist or podiatrist before taking any medication.

In extreme cases, surgery may be required to remove the fibrous tissue and repair any tears.



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